There, in the Campo de Marte, as it was first called, the beautiful statute of La India was placed in 1837, after being moved to different places it has been returned to this park. In the Campo de Marte, the Portuguese Matias Perez made its last ascension in the year 1886 with its balloon- La Villa de Paris- and in the afternoon hours of May 1st, of the year 1890 dozens of workers of the capital were gathered to make a peaceful demonstration to celebrate the International Day of Workers for first time in Cuba.
In 1929 aimed at holding the Pan-American Congress in Havana the park was completed remodeled. In its centre a ceiba tree was planted with pieces of lands from all countries of the continent. Also, busts of outstanding personalities of the continent were placed in its surroundings. The park owes its name to this event.